Shi‘ite seminaries or what is known as “Hawzāt (plural for Hawzah) ‘Ilmiyyah” have historically played a significant role in developing Islamic as well as pure and empirical sciences. Its institute has been central in educating people and providing the Shi‘a community with spiritual, communal, and political guidance and leadership.
Islam places great emphasis on education and the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) had the overwhelming and difficult task of transforming a largely uneducated and illiterate society into a society that placed knowledge and education in the highest ranks. According to the teachings of the Prophet (PBUH), there is no limit for learning. Neither age, distance and gender of the learner, nor the beliefs and characteristics of the teacher can limit the value of learning or should be allowed to become a barrier. In Islam, there is no banned science, but there are preferred sciences. In hadiths, such examples are referred to as “‘Ilm-e Nāfiʿ” or “beneficial knowledge.” Therefore, priority is given to topics that are either beneficial by nature or that positively impact people’s lives. There are three sciences that every person should be familiar with: theology, morality, and jurisprudence, but Islamic hadiths also identify and lay great emphasis on learning other disciplines as well. Islam promotes education to the masses and specifies that it should be available for everyone. Following the development of Islamic sciences throughout the Islamic world, certain places emerged as the main places for learning.
The Study of introduction to traditional Islamic seminary at the Prehawza program comprises the following areas;
– Short history of traditional seminary school
– Elements of foundation of the seminary schools in the fourth century in Najaf
– Subjects and main faculties of the seminary school
– Evolution, development and periods of seminary school
– The great clerics in the formation and consolidation of the seminary school
– The seminary school of Najaf and Qom
– The seminary school and contemporary needs