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Course

Introduction to Logic

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Introduction to Logic

The religion of Islam is rational and encourages Muslims to be rational. This course will train students on how to use their reason and form logical arguments.

Objectives: To become familiar with the terminologies and methodologies of Aristotelian logic and to see how it compares with modern logic.

The religion of Islam is rational and encourages Muslims to be rational. This course will train students on how to use their reason and form logical arguments.

Contents:
– The short history of the Aristotelian and modern Logic
– Definition, advantages and the subject of the Logic
– The value of “Aristotelian Logic”
– The effectuality of Aristotelian Logics in countering the errors of the mind
– Apprehension (Tasawwur) and Affirmation (Tasdeeq) and its division into the Simple
(Badehi) and Cognitive (Nazari) in the Logic
– Meaning of the Universal Concept (Kulli) and the Divisive Concept (Juz’i) in Logics
– The Four Relationships
– Definition of the Species (Naw’), Genus (Jins), Differentia (Fasl), Common Accident
(Aradh Aam) and Particular Accident (Aradh Khas)
– Definition of the Term (Hadd) and Description (Rasm) in Logic and its types
– Definition of Proposition (Qadhiya), its types and its rules in Logic
– A look at the Proposition and its divisions
– Definition of Attributive Proposition (Qadhiya Hamliya), Conditional Proposition
(Qadhiya Shartiya) and stating the types of Conditional Proposition
– The Contradictory Opposition (Tanaquz)
– Types of Evidence (Syllogism (Qiyas), Inductive (Isteqra), Analogy (Tamtheel)) in the
Logic
– Types of the Syllogism (Qiyas) and reviewing the Four Figures (The Four Figures in Logic)
– The difference of opinion between the Empiricists and Sensationalists with the
Rationalists and Syllogism in the way of gaining information
– The objections to “Aristotelian Logic” and responses to them
– Bertrand Russell’s criticism of “Aristotelian Logic” and a response to it
– The Five Skills (Sana’at Khams)
– The Fallacy (Mughalita)

Start On March 31, 2018
Duration 12 Month
Level Beginner
Lesson Islamic Theology 2
No. of Credits 2
Credit Hours 32
Theoretical 32
Practical -
Prerequisite
Seat avaiable 59
Price $100.00

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